Indonesia på veg mot dødsstraff-barbariet?

FN ber Indonesia stanse henrettelser

FNs generalsekretær Ban Ki-moon ber Indonesia la være å henrette dødsdømte fanger, inkludert flere utlendinger.

Indonesias president avviste i januar begjæringer om benåding fra en rekke fanger som er dømt til døden for narkotikaforbrytelser.

Blant dem er statsborgere fra Indonesia, Frankrike, Brasil, Nigeria og Ghana, samt to australiere som er dømt for å ha forsøkt å smugle 8 kilo heroin ut av Indonesia.

De to har sittet på dødscelle i snart ti år, og Australia har reagert kraftig på planene om å fullbyrde dødsdommen. Regjeringen i Canberra gjør nå et siste forsøk på å forhandle fram en avtale som kan berge livet deres, ifølge utenriksminister Julie Bishop.

– Generalsekretæren ber indonesiske myndigheter la være å gjennomføre henrettelsene av de gjenværende fangene som er dømt til døden for narkotikaforbrytelser, sa Bans talsmann Stephane Dujarric fredag 13. februar.

Blant de seks menneskene som ble henrettet ved skyting i januar, var en brasilianer og en nederlender. Begge landene kalte hjem sine ambassadører fra Jakarta som følge av henrettelsene. NTB

Som denne NTB-meldinga over visar og dei to artiklane på engelsk under viser, så er Indonesia med den nye presidenten, populert kalla Jokowi, heilt ut å køyre i høve verdssamfunnet med FN i spissen, når det gjeld bruken av dødsstraff. Ein stat skal ikkje ha rett til å ta liv på denne måten, med «auge for auge, tann for tann» haldninga som tenkesett. Det er verken moralsk, politisk eller humanistisk akseptabelt. Ingen har rett til å ta andre sitt liv! Heller ikkje er dødsstraff førebyggande for kriminelle handlingar, det har forskning vist i årtier. Tvert i mot er lange straffer og livstidsdommar (vel og merke med rehabiliteringsprosjekt attende til samfunnet innebygd) det som visar best resultat. I staden viser indonesiske styresmakter forakt for menneskeverdet ved denne harde politikken. Etter eit moratorium (førebels stans) i dødsstraffutføringa på om lag 6 år under den føre presidenten Bambang, har altså dei nye styresmaktene sett sitt snitt til attinnføre temmelege ekle og populistiske praksissar, lyt ein seie. Presset på Indonesia har auka kraftig i det siste, amdassørar har vorte kalla heim etter avrettingane i januar, Australia er sinte på landet over moglege avrettingar av dei såkalla «Bali 9», FN og Amnesty er på banen, osb. Slik at president Jokowi og gjengen har fenge litt meir å tenkje på i det siste, i tillegg til det «vanlege» med korrupsjon, nedbrenning av regnskog, feil utnemning av korrupt politisjef (utnemnt av presidenten sjølv), osb. Men om det internasjonale presset hjelper mot dødsstraffbuken er dessverre usikkert. Om ikkje «vitet kjem fort innatt etter at det har fare ut» (Hardanger-utsagn), så er håpet lite for dei ventande på dødscelle, men håpet er der likevel!

Ivar Jørdre

Firing squads becoming more common in Indonesia, experts say

Posted: 01/21/2015 |
 BALI-OAK-121114-4_50671979Heather Mack kisses boyfriend Tommy Schaefer in a holding cell at the prosecutor’s office in Denpasar on Indonesia’s resort island of Bali in December. | Getty Images File

They walk under darkness to a remote, open place — with a man of God speaking words of comfort.

Then, if they like, a blindfold. Another choice: To stand or sit.

Then the crack of rifle fire.

Death by firing squad is making a comeback in Indonesia, according to experts and local media accounts.

The archipelago nation executed six people last weekend — following an unofficial moratorium in 2014. That doesn’t bode well for Heather Mack and Tommy Schaefer, the Chicago-area pair on trial for murder in Bali — should they be convicted.

RELATED: Attorneys in Bali say indictments should be thrown out

“The relevance to the case involving the Chicagoans is that Indonesia does carry out its death penalty from time to time and the pattern is irregular,” said Northwestern University Professor Jeffrey A. Winters, who specializes in Southeast Asian politics. “So the threat is real.”

A pregnant Mack, 19, and Schaefer, 21, are being tried separately at the Denpasar District Court on Bali. They could face the firing squad if found guilty of the premeditated murder of Mack’s mother, Sheila von Wiese-Mack, 62, last August.

Last week, Cook County Judge Neil H. Cohen, noting the potential peril Mack faces, authorized the release of $150,000 in trust-fund cash to help pay for the teen’s defense.

The six people put to death — including five foreigners — were all convicted drug traffickers. Indonesia executed five people in 2013, but none in the four years before that, according to Death Penalty Worldwide, run by Cornell University Law School. The executions drew widespread condemnation from Amnesty and other human-rights groups.

“This is a seriously regressive move and a very sad day,” Rupert Abbott, Amnesty’s research director for Southeast Asia and the Pacific, said in a statement. “The new administration has taken office on the back of promises to make human rights a priority, but the execution of six people flies in the face of these commitments.”

On the eve of the executions, Indonesian Attorney General Muhammad Prasetyo told reporters: “What we do is merely aimed at protecting our nation from the danger of drugs.”

But Winters said that shouldn’t necessarily offer comfort to Mack and Schaefer.

Drugs may be of a national concern, but protecting tourism is key on the Island of Bali, Winters said.

“Bali is the most important tourist center in Indonesia, and the judges there will be particularly sensitive to maintaining a sense of safety and security in Bali,” the professor said.

And it’s possible, Winters said, that Mack’s and Schaefer’s fates ultimately might have more to do with politics.

“The pattern appears to be that in recent years [that] whenever the government needs a major distraction, it uses executions as a way of changing a national discussion,” Winters said, noting Indonesian President Joko Widodo is currently dealing with a major controversy over his selection for national police chief.

In any case, Mack’s and Schaefer’s fates won’t be decided for some time, with their trial expected to last from two to four months.

Contributing: Associated Press

Indonesia rejects clemency for two of Australian «Bali Nine» drug offenders

DENPASAR, Indonesia Thu Jan 22, 2015 5:06am EST

(Reuters) – Indonesia on Thursday rejected pleas for clemency for two Australians convicted of drug offences and is expected to go ahead with their executions, a move bound to strain already fragile ties between the two countries.

Australia had sought clemency for two members of the so-called Bali Nine, who were arrested in 2005 at Bali airport for attempting to smuggle 8 kg (18 lb) of heroin into Australia.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo, who took office in October, has pledged no clemency for drug offenders, drawing criticism from rights activists at home and abroad.

Indonesia executed six convicted drug traffickers, including five foreigners, by firing squad last week.

«It’s very upsetting to hear the rejection from the president, especially because there was no explanation, no reason given,» Todung Mulya Lubis, a lawyer for one of the defendants, told Reuters. «This is hurting the country’s image.»

Brazil and the Netherlands recalled their ambassadors from Jakarta and Nigeria summoned the Indonesian ambassador in Abuja to protest last week’s execution of their citizens.

Indonesia has a record of imposing severe penalties for drug trafficking, resuming executions in 2013 after a five-year gap.

It was not immediately clear when the executions would take place.

Relations between Indonesia and Australia hit a low in late 2013 after reports that Australia had spied on top Indonesian officials, including then-president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his wife.

Indonesia froze military and intelligence cooperation with Australia and restored relations in May 2014.

Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop said this week that she would not rule out recalling the Australian ambassador should the executions be carried out.

(Reporting by Reuters reporter in Denpasar and Kanupriya Kapoor in Jakarta; Writing by Kanupriya Kapoor; Editing by Nick Macfie)

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About ivarjordre

painter, aktivist, writer, revolutionary, human
Dette innlegget vart posta under Asia, Our global world, Politic&Society og merkt , , , , , , , , , , , . Bokmerk permalenkja.

One Response to Indonesia på veg mot dødsstraff-barbariet?

  1. Thorleif seier:

    Dødsstraff løser ingenting, bare dreper. Godt at du tar tak i dette. For en reaksjonær regjering landet har fått nå! Er det en protestopinion i landet? Her burde Norge reagere også. Jeg har lagt artikkelen ut på facebook.

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